But an error of 2,000 years is of great importance,” says Riede.Before they started on the research project, the archaeologists were fully aware that dating of fish is subject to a large margin of error.
The heaviest complete ball weighs 4 ounces and the lightest 2.3 ounces.Carbon-14 dating of potsherd from ancient people’s clay vessels is commonly used to determine the age of a Stone Age settlement.But this may method may well be fraught with errors.It is not known how these three-inch-diameter balls were used and it is even possible that they had once served as the cores of balls that had been covered with another material.At least 18 examples are represented in the seventy-four clay ball fragments that have been recovered from eight distinct contexts of James Fort.Henry Wriothesley, the third Earl of Southampton and Virginia Company shareholder, is said to have played bowls twice a week “in the company of thirty or forty knights and gentlemen” (Emerson 1996, 209).In 1611, Sir Thomas Dale purportedly found colonists “bowling in the streets” of Jamestown instead of working at productive tasks.Poverty Point in Georgia, which was occupied 2000 B. Because many of the early sites containing clay cooking balls do not include pottery, it is believed that the use of clay balls for indirect cooking came before the production of pottery; but researchers are still debating this point. “Baked Clay Objects from the Site of the 1670 Settlement at Charles Towne, South Carolina,” Notebook 2:1, 3-17. “Cook-stone cuisine” has also been recorded in California and Mexico. Simms’ research included microanalysis of residues on some of the balls, which were hand-formed in similar sizes to the Jamestown examples. Microanalysis of fired clay balls from the Puuc region, Yucantán, Mexico.” Journal of Archaeological Science 40, 1144-1157. All the Jamestown balls have been smoothed on the exterior but some are not perfectly rounded, which would have made rolling them in a game very difficult.In addition, some of the balls are scorched from exposure to flame and some show signs of sooting.