In modern India, women have held high offices including that of the President, Prime Minister, Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Leader of the Opposition, Union Ministers, Chief Ministers and Governors.Women's rights under the Constitution of India — mainly includes equality, dignity, and freedom from discrimination; further, India has various statutes governing the rights of women., the President of India, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha (Lower House of the parliament) were women.M, 1989, says "According to some scholars the positive constructions of femininity found in goddess imagery and in the related imagery of the virangana or heroic woman have created a cognitive framework, for Hindus to accept and accommodate powerful female figures like "Indira Gandhi and Phoolan Devi, The same would not have been possible in Western religious traditions " Even in the practice of Homa ( ritual involving fire, and offerings to fire), every mantra or Shloka is addressed to Swaha, the wife of Agni, instead of Agni himself.Devi Bhagavata Purana: 9.43, says that all requests to Agni had to made through his wife only.
This practice was prevalent till the 10th century A. Also, in the Puranas, every God was shown in consort of their wives ( Brahma with Saraswathi, Vishnu with Lakshmi, Shiva with Parvati), and practices of idol of god and goddess also showed equal importance to women and men, Separate temples were setup for goddesses, and within each temple, goddesses were treated and worshipped with as much care and devotion as the gods were.
Women could select their husband in an assembly called `swayamwar’.
In this practice, the King would invite all the princes, and the princess would select one, and marry him while the court watched.
However, women in India continue to face numerous problems such as crime, gender inequality.
There are two types of women: those who become students of the Veda and those who marry immediately.