Historians have been able to use this fascinating map to identify some of the Celtic tribes living in Ireland at the time.Many of the names cannot be identified with known tribes (particularly those in the west), and the names have been badly corrupted by being passed word-of-mouth. Also on the map are the names of rivers and islands which can be identified with existing features. Some of the tribes straddled both sides of the Irish Sea, while others had relations in Gaul (France).Celtic influences (for it was a culture, not an empire) had spread across much of central Europe and spread into Iberia and the British Isles.The Celts called Britain and Ireland the "Pretanic Islands" which evolved into the modern word "Britain".Stopping short of the Picts of modern-day Scotland, the Roman emperor Hadrian built his famous wall between the Celts of the north and Roman Britain. The answer is no, but we know they did consider it.During a foray into southern Scotland, the Roman General .
Towards the end of the pre-Christian period, as the Roman Empire and its colony in Britain declined, the Irish took advantage and began raiding western Britain.
No surviving originals exist, but we do have a copy dating from 1490AD.
To see the map , click on the thumbnail on the left [56k B].
However it was these Romans who, a few centuries later, would supercede Celtic culture across most of Europe when they built their huge Roman Empire, which stretched from Palestine to England.
The Celts had one major advantage - they had discovered Iron.