Prior to 1390 there are some similar images such as the Pray Codex.However, what is claimed by some to be the image of a shroud on the Pray Codex has crosses on one side, an interlocking step pyramid pattern on the other, and no image of Jesus.In May 1898 Italian photographer Secondo Pia was allowed to photograph the shroud. Pia was startled by the visible image of the negative plate, implying that the shroud is effectively a negative of some kind.The shroud was damaged in a fire in 1532 in the chapel in Chambery, France.
There are no definite historical records concerning the particular shroud currently at Turin Cathedral prior to the 14th century.
The image of the "Man of the Shroud" has a beard, moustache, and shoulder-length hair parted in the middle.
He is muscular and tall (various experts have measured him as from 1.70 to 1.88 m or 5 ft 7 in to 6 ft 2 in).
The origins of the shroud and its images are the subject of intense debate among theologians, historians and other researchers.
Diverse arguments have been made in scientific and popular publications claiming to prove that the cloth is the authentic burial shroud of Jesus, based on disciplines ranging from chemistry to biology and medical forensics to optical image analysis.