Despite its moderate size, the airport has a luggage room, a cafe and a food store.
The airport closes during the night however police can let you stay overnight inside the terminal building if you have boarding card. The station is open AM—11PM; there is a luggage room (AM—PM). For towns close to Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, it's often an easier and more convenient choice to jump on a bus, while the train is the main mode of transportation to destinations on the northern part of the island.
Ul Leninareet (Ulitsa Lenina), the main street, runs parallel to the railway from north to south, and downtown forms a rectangle around it. Sakhalin is a fairly remote island, so if you're coming from elsewhere in Russia, plane is by far the most hassle-free way for getting in.
) fields flights from major Russian cities and from several East Asian cities.
Local seafood is surprisingly hard to find in restaurants, but is readily available in the market (mentioned in the Buy section) and its eateries.
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is a rather youthful town, so the nightlife is rather happening considering its size.
Hotels do usually have bars, and these are the places to go if you want to meet expats.
If the weather is nice, an alternative to the bars listed here is hanging out with the locals in the beer tents dotted around Gagarin Park. Due to the large number of visitors connected to the booming oil industry on the island, there are a substantial number of good hotels in the city.
The airport is subject to long closures under bad weather conditions.Little remains of the Japanese administration apart from a very limited number of Japanese buildings, including the impressive old government building now used as a regional museum.The main heritage of the Japanese ownership of the city is a sizable number of Sakhalin-Koreans, deported here by the Japanese in the 1930s, and denied repatriation until the mid-1980s; many have decided to stay on Sakhalin, and around 20,000 reside in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.In the 21st century, the oil industry has brought in many expats from Europe and America.Due to this there are occasional English-language signs in the city, several upscale hotels, and an expat district. Summer and winter temperatures are less extreme than in Siberia or elsewhere in the Russian Far East, instead it rains more. The city is located 25 km north of Aniva Bay and the same distance west of the Sea of Okhotsk, in the Susuya River valley and flanked by mountains to the west and east.If you are interested in the Japanese heritage, consider the regional and art museums, the House of The Garrison Court (1908; Nevel'skogo St 44), and the small bridge on Sakhalinskaya St.Other Japanese buildings were destroyed before the 1970s.Due to the risk of earthquakes, buildings are generally low-rise.The main industries – oil, coal and forestry – are located outside the city itself. While the city in general looks quite rough, it does have some beautiful buildings from the Japanese period, as well as some state-of-the-art buildings.The city was founded in 1882 under the name of Vladimirovka and originally populated by liberated convicts, but was transferred to Japanese control after the end of the Russo-Japanese war.