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Roman catholic dating

In the beginning of the thirteenth century Innocent III established at Rome an inquisitorial tribunal against the Albigenses and other innovators of the south of France. The Constitution "Licet ab initio" lends itself to that interpretation.

From its first title of was omitted, possibly to avoid the appearance of an inequality of dignity among the congregations, they being all of the same rank and dignity, since they are composed of cardinals. But the Holy Office did not begin its existence as a congregation until 1558, in the reign of Paul IV.

Wherefore, it is forbidden for an officer of one of the congregations to serve in any way as an agent, or as a procurator or advocate, in his own department or in any other ecclesiastical tribunal.

The competency of the consists of the major officers under the presidency of the cardinal who presides over the congregation.

Nevertheless it should be noted that cardinals have not always participated in the administration of ecclesiastical affairs in the same way.

A research on the various usages that have obtained in this connexion would lead us too far from our present subject, but is taken up under CARDINAL; PAPAL CONSISTORY.

Mention will be made here of only the chief among those innovations which, besides the principal one of the demarcation of competency, are to be found in the following provisions.

It is also the business of the is charged with the execution of the orders of the full congregation that have received the approval of the pope.

It would not be possible to relate here all the changes effected in this connexion.

The reader seeking detailed information may consult the commentaries that have already appeared on the Constitution "Sapienti consilio" (see General Bibliography at the end of this article).

The number of these varied according to circumstances and the requirements of the moment; in the time of Cardinal De Luca there were about nineteen of them, as he himself tells us in his admirable work "Relatio Romanæ Curiæ forensis", without counting other congregations of a lower order, consisting of prelates, as were, for example, the "Congregatio baronum et montium" and the "Congregatio computorum".

Other congregations were added by different popes, until the present organization was established by Pius X in his Constitution "Sapienti consilio" of 29 June, 1908, according to which there are thirteen congregations, counting that of the Propaganda as only one.


  1. St. Patrick of Ireland is one of the world's most popular saints. He was born in Roman Britain and when he was fourteen or so, he was captured by Irish pirates during.

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